{icono de lenteja numérica}

darena

an open-ended game of rocks and sand

the sandy space contains a bunch of rocks in either one of two possible colors, and yourself.

push and arrange the rocks to prototype and build your own computer, cellular automata, 1-bit art, etc.

screenshot of the game. it shows a square clear space inside a textured world. inside the square there are several round rocks of two possible colors. there is a small platform, and a person.

what will you do with the sand?

about

darena was developed as an exercise to learn about the

uxn virtual machine and assembly language

as part of the {s-camino} practice.

you can play with it in the web, thanks to the webuxn port by aduros:

darena via webuxn

webuxn repository

features

controls

use the arrow keys for cartesian movement within the space

possible "improvements"

the code

this iteration has 31 rocks and a single toggling station where one can switch their color/state.

last updated: sjm-1659d3 (changed JNZ to JCN)

you can also find the code in the

uxn repo

( darena.usm )
( an open-ended game of rocks and sand )
( cc0 sejo 12021 )

%DEBUG  { .Console/byte DEO #0a .Console/char DEO }
%DEBUG2 { .Console/short DEO2 #0a .Console/char DEO }

( parameters )
%nrocks { #1f }
%nrocks-1 { #1e }
%nrocks_mask { #1f }
%minposx { #0f }
%minposy { #0f }
%maxposx { #f1 }
%maxposy { #f1 }
%anispeedmask_normal { #03 }
%anispeedmask_slow { #07 }

%c_color_normal { #33 }
%c_color_flipx { #73 }
%index_norock { #ff }

( output macros )
%out_screen_x { LDA #00 SWP .Screen/x DEO2 } ( ;addr )
%out_screen_y { LDA #00 SWP .Screen/y DEO2 } ( ;addr )

( helper macros )
%get_bit_n { SFT #01 AND }
%get_nibble_h { #04 SFT #0f AND }
%get_nibble_l { #0f AND }

%is_bit_n_set { get_bit_n #01 EQU }

%set_animate { #01 ;c_state LDA ORA ;c_state STA }
%rst_animate { #00 ;c_state STA }

( devices )

|00 @System     [ &vector $2 &wst      $1 &rst    $1 &pad   $4 &r      $2 &g     $2 &b      $2 ]
|10 @Console    [ &pad    $8 &char     $1 &byte   $1 &short $2 &string $2 ]
|20 @Screen     [ &vector $2 &width    $2 &height $2 &pad   $2 &x      $2 &y      $2 &addr  $2 &color $1 ]
|80 @Controller [ &vector $2 &button   $1 &key    $1 ]

( variables )

|0000

@c_pos [ &x $1 &y $1 ] ( character position )
@c_speed [ &x $1 &y $1 ] ( character speed )
@c_color [ $1 ] ( character color )
@c_sprite [ $2 ] ( character sprite addr )
@c_state [ $1 ] ( high_nibble: animation pointer, bit0: is_animated )

@f_count [ $1 ] ( frame counter )
@ani_speedmask [ $1 ] ( animation speed mask )

@r_speed_x [ $f ]
@r_speed_y [ $f ]

@tog [ &x $1 &y $1 &state $1 ] ( toggle station state )

( program )

|0100 @reset ( -> )
	#f396 .System/r DEO2
	#e263 .System/g DEO2
	#9030 .System/b DEO2

	;on_frame .Screen/vector DEO2	

	( init character )
	#50 ;c_pos/x STA
	#10 ;c_pos/y STA
	#00 ;c_speed/x STA
	#00 ;c_speed/y STA
	c_color_normal ;c_color STA
	;s_monitx_stepfront0 ;c_sprite STA2
	rst_animate

	anispeedmask_normal ;ani_speedmask STA

	( init toggler )
	#27 ;tog/x STA
	#27 ;tog/y STA
	#00 ;tog/state STA


	( init background )
	;init_bg JSR2
BRK


@on_frame ( -> )
	;f_count LDA #01 ADD DUP ;f_count STA ( increase frame counter )
	;ani_speedmask LDA ( mask with animation speed mask )
	AND #00 EQU ,update_frame JCN ( jump to update if it's time )
BRK

@update_frame
	( check keyboard )
	;check_keys JSR2

	( animate character sprite )
	;animate_c JSR2

	( clear sprites )
	;clear JSR2

	( update character vars )
	;update_c/run JSR2

	( update rocks + stand )
	;update_r/run JSR2

	( draw )
	;draw JSR2

BRK

@clear
	( clear rocks )
	;s_clear .Screen/addr DEO2

	nrocks #00
	&rocks_loop
		DUP ( get rocks_x[i] )
		;rocks_x ROT #00 SWP ADD2 out_screen_x

		DUP ( get rocks_y[i] )
		;rocks_y ROT #00 SWP ADD2 out_screen_y

		#30 .Screen/color DEO

		#01 ADD
		DUP2 
		NEQ ,&rocks_loop JCN
	POP2

	( clear character )
	;clear_c JSR2
JMP2r

@draw
	( draw toggler )

	;tog/x out_screen_x
	;tog/x out_screen_y
	;s_stand .Screen/addr DEO2
	#23 .Screen/color DEO

	( draw rocks )
	;s_bola .Screen/addr DEO2

	nrocks #00

	&rocks_loop
		DUP ( get rocks_x[i] )
		;rocks_x ROT #00 SWP ADD2 out_screen_x

		DUP ( get rocks_y[i] )
		;rocks_y ROT #00 SWP ADD2 out_screen_y

		( DUP ( get color bitwise ) )
		( ;r_color LDA SWP get_bit_n #31 ADD .Screen/color DEO )

		DUP
		;r_color ROT #00 SWP ADD2 LDA #31 ADD .Screen/color DEO

		#01 ADD

		DUP2 
		NEQ ,&rocks_loop JCN
	POP2

	( draw character )
	;draw_c JSR2
JMP2r

@check_keys
	#00 ;c_speed/x STA
	#00 ;c_speed/y STA

	.Controller/button DEI #07 is_bit_n_set ,&der JCN
	.Controller/button DEI #06 is_bit_n_set ,&izq JCN
	.Controller/button DEI #05 is_bit_n_set ,&aba JCN
	.Controller/button DEI #04 is_bit_n_set ,&arr JCN

	rst_animate

	JMP2r

	&der
		#01 ;c_speed/x STA
		set_animate
		c_color_normal ;c_color STA
		;s_monitx_stepside0 ;c_sprite STA2
	JMP2r

	&izq
		#ff ;c_speed/x STA
		set_animate
		c_color_flipx ;c_color STA
		;s_monitx_stepside0 ;c_sprite STA2
	JMP2r

	&aba
		#01 ;c_speed/y STA
		set_animate
		c_color_normal ;c_color STA
		;s_monitx_stepfront0 ;c_sprite STA2
	JMP2r

	&arr
		#ff ;c_speed/y STA
		set_animate
		c_color_normal ;c_color STA
		;s_monitx_stepback0 ;c_sprite STA2
	JMP2r

	&end
JMP2r

( sub-routines )

( in: sourcex, source y, index, rangex, rangey )
( puts in the stack the index of rock collisioned with )
@collision_rocks
	&range_y $1
	&range_x $1
	&src_i $1
	&src_x  $1
	&src_y $1

	&rock_x $1
	&rock_y $1
	
	&run
		,&range_y STR
		,&range_x STR
		,&src_i STR
		,&src_y STR
		,&src_x STR

		( check collision with rocks )
		( nrocks #00 )
		,&src_i LDR nrocks_mask AND DUP #01 ADD nrocks_mask AND 

		&rocks_loop
			DUP ( get rocks_x[i] )
			;rocks_x ROT #00 SWP ADD2 LDA ,&rock_x STR

			DUP ( get rocks_y[i] )
			;rocks_y ROT #00 SWP ADD2 LDA ,&rock_y STR
			
			,&src_x LDR ,&rock_x LDR ,&range_x LDR SUB GTH ( if sx > rx - 8  )
			,&src_x LDR ,&rock_x LDR ,&range_x LDR ADD LTH ( if sx < rx + 8  )
			,&src_y LDR ,&rock_y LDR ,&range_y LDR SUB GTH ( if sy > ry - 8  )
			,&src_y LDR ,&rock_y LDR ,&range_y LDR ADD LTH ( if sy < ry + 8  )
			ADD ADD ADD #04 EQU ,&found JCN

			#01 ADD nrocks_mask AND
			DUP2 
			NEQ ,&rocks_loop JCN
		POP2
		#ff
		JMP2r
	&found
		SWP POP ( remove loop limit )
		DUP ;&src_i LDA NEQ ,&end JCN ( check if result is the same as index )
		POP #ff
		JMP2r

	&end

JMP2r

@update_c ( update character position )
	&new_x $1
	&new_y $1

	&rock_i $1
	&rock_x $1
	&rock_y $1


	&run
		;c_speed/x LDA ;c_pos/x LDA ADD 
		,&new_x STR
		;c_speed/y LDA ;c_pos/y LDA ADD 
		,&new_y STR

		anispeedmask_normal ;ani_speedmask STA

	&check_x
		( check collision with borders )
		,&new_x LDR minposx EQU ;&noup_x JCN2
		,&new_x LDR maxposx EQU ;&noup_x JCN2


		( check collision with rocks )
		,&new_x LDR ,&new_y LDR index_norock #09 #06
		;collision_rocks/run JSR2

		( if it is colliding with rock, check further )
		DUP #ff NEQ ,&check_x_collision JCN
		POP
		,&update_x JMP

	&check_x_collision
		( DUP DEBUG )
		( slow down and save rock index )
		anispeedmask_slow ;ani_speedmask STA
		,&rock_i STR
		
		( check if rock collides with others )
		;rocks_x #00 ,&rock_i LDR ADD2 LDA ,&rock_x STR
		;rocks_y #00 ,&rock_i LDR ADD2 LDA ,&rock_y STR

		,&rock_x LDR ,&rock_y LDR ,&rock_i LDR #09 #06
		;collision_rocks/run JSR2

		( DUP DEBUG )

		( if it is colliding, then skip adding x )
		DUP #ff NEQ ,&check_y JCN
		POP


		( if not, check for borders )
		;&rock_x LDA minposx EQU ;&noup_x JCN2
		;&rock_x LDA maxposx EQU ;&noup_x JCN2

		( move rock with same speed as c )
		;&rock_x LDA ;c_speed/x LDA ADD 
		;rocks_x #00 ;&rock_i LDA ADD2
		STA

	
	&update_x
		;&new_x LDA ;c_pos/x STA	

	,&check_y JMP

	&noup_x

	&check_y
		( check collision with borders )
		;&new_y LDA minposy EQU ;&noup_y JCN2
		;&new_y LDA maxposy EQU ;&noup_y JCN2

		( check collision with rocks )
		;&new_x LDA ;&new_y LDA index_norock #06 #09
		;collision_rocks/run JSR2

		( if it is colliding with rock, check further )
		DUP #ff NEQ ,&check_y_collision JCN
		POP
		,&update_y JMP

	&check_y_collision
		( DUP DEBUG )
		anispeedmask_slow ;ani_speedmask STA
		;&rock_i STA
		
		( check if rock collides with others )
		;rocks_x #00 ;&rock_i LDA ADD2 LDA ;&rock_x STA
		;rocks_y #00 ;&rock_i LDA ADD2 LDA ;&rock_y STA

		;&rock_x LDA ;&rock_y LDA ;&rock_i LDA #06 #09
		;collision_rocks/run JSR2

		( DUP DEBUG )

		( if it is colliding, then skip adding y )
		DUP #ff NEQ ,&noup_y JCN
		POP

		( if not, check for borders )
		;&rock_y LDA minposx EQU ;&noup_y JCN2
		;&rock_y LDA maxposx EQU ;&noup_y JCN2

		( if not colliding, then move rock with same speed as c )
		;&rock_y LDA ;c_speed/y LDA ADD 
		;rocks_y #00 ;&rock_i LDA ADD2
		STA


	&update_y
		;&new_y LDA ;c_pos/y STA
	JMP2r

	&noup_y
JMP2r

@update_r
	&rock_i $1

	&run

		( check collision with rocks )
		;tog/x LDA ;tog/y LDA index_norock #02 #02 
		;collision_rocks/run JSR2

		( if it is colliding with rock, check if it needs to change state )
		DUP #ff NEQ ,&change_state JCN

		( DUP DEBUG )
		
		( if there's no collision, reset toggler )
		POP
		#00 ;tog/state STA
		JMP2r

	&change_state
		( DUP DEBUG )
		,&rock_i STR
		;tog/state LDA ,&done JCN ( don't toggle if state is active )

		;r_color #00 ,&rock_i LDR ADD2 DUP2 STH2
		LDA #01 EOR STH2r STA
		#01 ;tog/state STA
	&done

JMP2r

@animate_c 
	( is bit0 -animate- on? )
	;c_state LDA DUP #00 get_bit_n #01 NEQ ,&s_no_animate JCN

	( increment and save animation pointer )
	&s_animate
		DUP 
		get_nibble_h #01 ADD #03 AND #40 SFT 
		SWP get_nibble_l ORA 
		;c_state STA
	JMP2r

	&s_no_animate
		get_nibble_h #0f AND ;c_state STA
JMP2r

@draw_c ( draw character  )
	#00 ;c_state LDA get_nibble_h #08 MUL
	;c_sprite LDA2 ADD2 .Screen/addr DEO2
	;c_pos/x out_screen_x 
	;c_pos/y out_screen_y
	;c_color LDA .Screen/color DEO
JMP2r

@clear_c ( clear character )
	;s_clear .Screen/addr DEO2
	;c_pos/x out_screen_x 
	;c_pos/y out_screen_y
	#30 .Screen/color DEO
JMP2r

@init_bg
	( init bg )
	;s_border .Screen/addr DEO2

	.Screen/height DEI2 #0000 STH2
	&vertical0loop
		DUP2 
		STH2r
		DUP2 .Screen/y DEO2

		
		.Screen/width DEI2 #0000 STH2
		&horizontal0loop
			DUP2
			STH2r
			DUP2 .Screen/x DEO2

			#23 .Screen/color DEO

			#0008 ADD2 DUP2 STH2 
			GTH2 ,&horizontal0loop JCN

		STH2r POP2 POP2
		

		#0008 ADD2 DUP2 STH2 
		GTH2 ,&vertical0loop JCN
	STH2r
	POP2 POP2

	( arena )

	;s_clear .Screen/addr DEO2

	 #00 maxposy  #00 minposy STH2 
	&vertical0loop_clear
		DUP2 
		STH2r
		DUP2 .Screen/y DEO2

		
		 #00 maxposx  #00 minposx  STH2 
		&horizontal0loop_clear
			DUP2
			STH2r
			DUP2 .Screen/x DEO2

			#20 .Screen/color DEO

			#0008 ADD2 DUP2 STH2 
			GTH2 ,&horizontal0loop_clear JCN

		STH2r POP2 POP2
		
		#0008 ADD2 DUP2 STH2 GTH2 ,&vertical0loop_clear JCN
	STH2r
	POP2 POP2

JMP2r

( rocks )
@rocks_x [ 	25 30 42 50  67 90 98 e8  20 43 43 57  5a 7f bc a5  
		e5 dd a2 20  b7 9b 38 e8  33 43 63 b7  aa cf bc   ]
@rocks_y [ 	60 48 34 56  23 65 65 65  ba e9 24 22  72 91 22 c5 
		25 30 42 50  67 90 98 e8  20 43 43 57  5a 7f bc  	] 
@r_color [ 	00 01 01 00  00 00 01 01  01 01 00 00  01 01 00 00
		01 00 01 00  00 01 00 01  01 01 01 01  00 00 00	 ]


( sprites )

@s_clear [ 0000 0000 0000 0000 ]
@s_border [ 3288 7e83 780d e013 ]
@s_bola [ 3c4e 9ffd f962 3c00  ]
@s_stand [ 0000 0000 0024 7eff ]
@s_stand_original [ 0000 0000 0000 3c7e ]

@s_monitx [ 3c7e 5a7f 1b3c 5a18 ]
@s_monitx_back [ 3c7e 7efe d83c 5a18 ]

@s_monitx_stepfront0 [ 3c7e 5a7f 1b3c 5a18 ]
@s_monitx_stepfront1 [ 3c7e 5a7f 1b3c 5a10 ]
@s_monitx_stepfront2 [ 3c7e 5a7f 1b3c 5a18 ]
@s_monitx_stepfront3 [ 3c7e 5a7f 1b3c 5a08 ]

@s_monitx_stepback0 [ 3c7e 7efe d83c 5a18 ]
@s_monitx_stepback1 [ 3c7e 7efe d83c 5a10 ]
@s_monitx_stepback2 [ 3c7e 7efe d83c 5a18 ]
@s_monitx_stepback3 [ 3c7e 7efe d83c 5a08 ]

@s_monitx_stepside0 [ 1c3c 7afc d81c 1818 ]
@s_monitx_stepside1 [ 1c3c 7afc d81c 1828 ]
@s_monitx_stepside2 [ 1c3c 7afc d81c 3810 ]
@s_monitx_stepside3 [ 1c3c 7afc d81c 1814 ]

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